The authorities of the US state of California have added hemp smoke and THC to the list of reproductive toxins – substances that have a negative effect on the development of the fetus in the womb.
Cannabis is contraindicated in pregnant women
Experts from a California government committee concluded that inhaling marijuana smoke and consuming THC during pregnancy can cause side effects:
- sexual dysfunction;
- impaired ability to reproduce;
- pathology in the development of the embryo.
According to the decision of the officials, which entered into force on January 3, 2020, hemp companies will be required to place a warning on products with THC that the product should not be used by pregnant women. In 2009, the California authorities concluded that hemp smoke can cause cancer, so marijuana was included in the list of carcinogens – substances whose exposure to the human body increases the likelihood of malignant tumors.
Americans treat hemp toxicosis
According to Kaiser Permanente, between 2009 and 2016, the number of pregnant Californian women who use cannabis increased from 4% to 7%. Hemp is very popular among girls waiting for replenishment in the family, under the age of 18 years: 22% of them smoke marijuana. Among the fair sex from the age group of 18 to 24 years, this figure is 19%.
A study in Colorado found that 69% of hemp stores recommend pregnant Americans use cannabis to treat toxicosis. 36% of sellers say that marijuana can be smoked while in a position.
What are the consequences of smoking marijuana during pregnancy?
Specialists of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA studied the results of scientific research and identified potential risks:
- girls who smoke marijuana are more likely to have low birth weight children;
- cannabis use can lead to premature birth;
- taking cannabinoids increases the likelihood of stillbirth;
- infants exposed to hemp smoke during fetal development are often inferior to peers in height and head circumference.
Harvard University professor Mary McCormick reports that inhaling any smoke increases the percentage of carbon monoxide in the blood, which reduces the ability of red blood cells to carry oxygen, so the fetus begins to choke. To give birth to a healthy baby, McCormick advises expectant mothers to refrain from smoking any plant material.