Tea is not a substitute for fruits or vegetables, which provide a wide range of nutrients such as vitamins and minerals. From Chinese Emperors to Portuguese princesses, the history of tea is as rich as its taste. It wasnât until the government reduced taxes and our very own Sir Thomas Lipton brought tea to the masses, that it became the popular drink it remains today. Tea in Modern America It was the European export market that first saw rise to the innovative introduction of new processes that resulted in black tea. The United States is still responsible for a few major changes in the tea industry. Luxury. These young female handlers were not to eat garlic, onions, or strong spices in case the odor on their fingertips might contaminate the precious tea leaves. These additives help replace the fat and salt lost by those living in the high-altitude regions of the Himalayan Mountains. The first cashier was Mr. Dewey. According to legend, in 2732 B.C. Traditionally, yak butter and salt are added to the tea and churned until emulsified. Even though tea is the most popular drink in the world (besides water), it has only recently been on the rise in the United States. Today, thousands of Americans are adding tea into their healthy diets or substituting tea for coffee and soft drinks. The Book of Tea, 茶の本, is written by Okakura Kakuzo, thus introducing the west to the Japanese Tea Ceremony and its history. Today, students compete to attend the very selective and exceptional Shanghai Tea Institute. The best tea grows at higher altitudes and many bushes can be cultivated for over 100 years. England's dance with tea did not start until 1662 when King Charles II married the Portuguese princess Catherine of Braganza. The climate and high altitudes of Northern India made it a promising location for tea cultivation. It was during this time that the practice developed of sending finest teas to the emperor's court as a tribute to him. This method of brewing immediately caught on. By replacing coffee with tea, Iranian people tried to provide the country with the amount of tea needed for their own consumption. Where did this beverage originate, and how did it become so popular? The Chinese empire tightly controlled the preparation and cultivation of the crop. By the early 1300's tea gained popularity throughout Japanese society, but its early religious importance permanently colored the meaning and value the Japanese associate with tea and directly influenced the Japanese Tea Ceremony. Europe's Tea History The British government ordered a specific "tea tax" to capitalize off its popularity in America. Europeans. The earliest references to drinking tea originate from China where legend has it that a leaf fell into water being boiled for Emperor Shen Nung and he found the taste refreshing. The history of tea is long and complex, spreading across multiple cultures over the span of thousands of years.Tea likely originated in China during the Shang dynasty as a medicinal drink. Yet it was the Dutch who saw the commercial potential of this remarkable leaf. Even then, it would remain incredibly expensive and, for a good many years, only the highest members of society could afford such a delicacy. The American Revolution The East India Company quickly became the most powerful monopoly the world has ever known - and tea was its primary commodity. To that end, many wealthy 18th century English and Dutch families had paintings made of the family having tea. The origin of tea is shrouded in myths and stories. Today, tea is completely infused (no pun intended) in Japanese culture. The British introduced tea culture into India in 1836 and into Ceylon (Sri Lanka) in 1867. Tibet's rugged climate and rocky terrain made cultivation of their own plants difficult, so tea had to be imported from China via yak caravan. The history of tea dates back to ancient China, almost 5,000 years ago. It wasnât until Charles II married the Portuguese princess (and known tea lover) Catherine of Braganza, that tastes changed. Shunan Teng details tea's long history. Tea as a Status Symbol Little did he know, heâd just invented the first cup of tea. A Brief History of Tea According to legend, tea was first discovered in China over 4,000 years ago by Emperor Nun Shen. China was hesitant about trading with the West even before the Opium Wars began. In The Art of Tea Drinking, Olivia Yang opens with the words: "The Chinese people are without a doubt the ones who best understand the nature of tea. Pop in apple juice and add cinnamon, if you like it nice and spicy. What Set Sir Thomas apart was that, in an age when tea was a rare and expensive luxury, he believed that anyone should be able to enjoy tea at its best. It was actually a New York merchant, Thomas Sullivan, who invented the tea bag â by accident. The history of tea Aristocracy. Shen Nung named the brew "ch'a", the Chinese character meaning to check or investigate. Tea was first introduced to Portuguese priests and merchants in China during the 16th century. The book also recorded the history of tea before Tang Dynasty and described the types of tea. The reign of the East India Company continued until the British Parliament declared the trade routes open to competition in 1833. High tea is more of a man's meal, while Afternoon tea is more of a lady's social diversion. Sign up for the Top Pick Of The Week newsletter to have a top food review and a recipe e-mailed to you. Britain's new Queen had always loved tea and brought with her, as part of her dowry, a chest of fine Chinese tea. Today, the U.S. guzzles almost 50-billion glasses of iced tea in a single year, which accounts for more than 80% of all tea consumed stateside. Afternoon tea was supposedly invented by Anna Russell, the Duchess of Bedford. Before long, Indians became experts on growing very beautiful tea plants, but lacked knowledge on tea processing. The unusually hot summer temperatures prompted the man supervising the deserted booth to pour tea into glasses packed with ice cubes. Tibet's Tea History It is no surprise that early North America, colonized by Europe, was a tea-drinking continent. This caravan covered 11,000 miles and took nearly 1½ years to travel by camel. The idea came from Anna, the seventh Duchess of Bedford, in 1840. Traditional Japanese Tea The Role of Tea in Globalization Anna soon began to invite friends to join her for afternoon tea...and the trend spread quickly. When the Qing dynasty ruled China in the years from 1636 – 1911, tea had become a staple and various species like the yellow tea, oolong tea, green tea, white tea, dark tea, flower tea, black tea and more had become quite popular. Tea had two doctors at one time: Dr. Cole and Dr. Ziegler, who also owned the drug store. The difficulty of obtaining Chinese tea prompted Britain to explore other alternatives...like growing their own tea. The tea industry in Japan is the most technologically advanced in the world. Tea became an integral part of Japanese monastery life; monks used tea to help stay alert during meditation sessions. Tea has remained an integral part of Chinese culture for thousands of years; it was popular before the Egyptians built the great pyramids and was traded with Asian countries even before Europe left the dark ages. First, the nobles at the emperor’s court who copied their Chinese counterparts. North America's Tea History After some time, he discovered that the restaurants were brewing his tea directly in the silk bags to save time. The long, tiring journey into Tibet by yak took nearly one year and was threatened not only by the dramatic terrain of some of the highest mountains in the world, but by tea-seeking thieves and pirates. The history of tea is an epic saga, a journey through time and an odyssey across continents. The scheming British sent opium to China across the Indian border in exchange for silver, then traded the same silver back to China for tea. In 1908, a New York tea merchant sent samples of his product sealed in silk bags to restaurants and cafes throughout the city. Tea Growing. Yes, tea is that powerful. when the Emperor Shen Nong, a skilled ruler and scientist, accidentally discovered tea. Porcelain. Medicinal. To keep the tea-hungry Russians satisfied, nearly 6,000 camels - each carrying 600 pounds of tea - entered Russia each year. Our history of tea begins with the legend of the “divine famer” Shen Nong who is credited in many ancient Chinese texts with various agricultural accomplishments. Greed prevailed and the tax rate gradually reached 119%, more than doubling the initial cost of tea as it entered the American wholesale market. The Invention of Black Tea The earliest references to drinking tea originate from China where legend has it that a leaf fell into water being boiled for Emperor Shen Nung and he … American Advancements in Tea Drinking An ancestral tradition in China, tea was to become the ultimate beverage in the Far East. After Emperor Shennong, the history of tea is one of adventure, ritual, mystery and discovery. In 1903 the camel caravan was replaced by the famous Trans-Siberian Railway, which slashed the transportation time from 1½ years to just over a week. Japan's Tea History Tea leaves were made into cake forms. Afternoon tea, still a popular British institution, is credited to Anna, the 7th Duchess of Bedford, who complained of the long gap between a light breakfast and a late evening meal. This series of events marked the beginning of the American War of Independence...and America's preference for coffee. Little did he know, he’d just invented the first cup of tea. In 1824 tea plants were discovered in the hills along the frontier between Burma and the Indian state of Assam. In fact, during the 18th century, more tea was smuggled into the country than was imported legally. She began serving the tea to her aristocratic friends at Court, and word of the exotic Royal beverage spread quickly. The Devonshire Cream Tea is famous world wide and consists of scones, strawberry jam and the vital ingredient, Devon clotted cream, as well as cups of hot sweet tea served in china teacups. Emperor Shen Nung discovered tea when leaves from a wild tree blew into his pot of boiling water. Tea in Modern Day Japan China believing their nation to be self-sufficient and took steps toward isolation. The popularity of tea in China continued to grow rapidly from the 4th through the 8th century. In defiance, the American ports refused to allow any dutiable goods ashore. India's Tea History 1908 C.E. Emperor Shen Nung discovered tea when leaves from a wild tree blew into his pot of boiling water. Because of their different taste preference, the Japanese have engineered their tea to taste greener, more potent, and less sweet than that produced in China. So next time you join us for a refreshing cup of LiptonÂ® tea, be sure to raise a cup to the rich history of folk who made tea the great thing it is today. There is also an entire amusement park called the Tenfu Tea Museum - China's equivalent of Disneyland - that honors the Chinese tea-drinking traditions. Demand for tea as a medicinal beverage rises in China and cultivation processes are developed. Tea in Modern Day China However, some scholars of ancient China now believe Shen Nong might in fact originally have referred to a group of people, living within China and utilizing particularly advanced agricultural techniques for the era. The history of tea. From tea’s beginnings in the Far East to the coffeehouses of Shakespeare’s day, from the Imperial Russian court to modern tea houses across the United States, tea is a beverage … The first post office of Tea was in Peters' and Heeren' store. Tearoom. The earliest references to drinking tea originate from China where legend has it that a leaf fell into water being boiled for Emperor Shen Nung and he found the taste refreshing. As an imported luxury, only the wealthy could afford to drink tea. At that time, shipping tea from China- which is one of the main tea producing countries of the world- was, thanks to the silk road trading path, much easier. when the Emperor Shen Nong, a skilled ruler and scientist, accidentally discovered tea. They commended the tea’s taste and the stylish methods of its preparation and service. High tea is served later (around 6:00 PM) and consists of a full dinner meal for the common people. A deliciously refreshing pre-dinner drink, it wonât just be the conversation thatâs flowing. At the St. Louis World Trade Fair of 1904, a group of tea producers organized a special tea pavilion and offered cups of hot tea to all attendees. In 200 B.C. A Very Brief History of Teas in Britain and Ireland . High tea is served alongside meats, fish or eggs, cheese, bread and butter, and cake. This web site is not directed to consumers outside of the U.S. Thanks everyone! It was even specified that only young women, presumably because of their purity, were to handle the tea leaves. Where did this beverage originate, and how did it become so popular? Perfect with a big slice of pumpkin pie. The Duchess often fancied a snack in the afternoon and realized that a light meal of Darjeeling, cake or sandwiches was the perfect cup of tea (see what we did there?). The Chinese were more interested in silver than in cotton, Britain's main export. According to Chinese legend, the history of tea began in 2737 B.C.E. Tibetan etiquette dictates that no guest should go without tea and that his or her cup can never be empty. At various points throughout history, China's national drink has been designated as the state currency and used as cash. The tea ceremony was so important that special tea rooms were built in backyard gardens, and mastery of the tea ceremony was a required for women to marry. Tea’s origin story is infused with a blend of myth and fact and colored by ancient concepts of spirituality and philosophy. As tea consumption grew, Britain's exports could not keep up with the demand for tea imports. Zen Buddhism honors the essential elements of Japanese philosophy (harmony, purity, respect, and tranquility) during Chanoyu. China. Warm yourself up as the days draw in, with this scrumptious apple juice and LiptonÂ® black tea combo. The lofty tea prices made tea highly fashionable and elitist. "It's hard to exaggerate the importance of tea in Chinese culture. Compressed tea was a common form of payment for almost anything, and workers and servants were routinely paid in this way. Everyone was curious about the new beverage and tea quickly gained popularity. Therefore, tea became a popular drink in this country. Ancient China: The Birthplace of Tea Legend says the Emperor described a warm feeling as he drank the intriguing brew, as if the liquid was investigating every part of his body. Nations have defined themselves by the tea trade and culturally by their tea ceremonies. As foreign trade increased, though, the Chinese growers discovered that they could preserve the tea leaves with a special fermentation process. Afternoon Tea is a meal composed of sandwiches (usually cut into ‘fingers’), scones with … The Opium Wars Tea bags were also developed in the United States, albeit by accident. The "High Tea" Invite friends round for this LiptonÂ® black tea and basil fusion. Traditionally, Tibetan tea is made by boiling the leaf for about half an hour before passing the liquid through a strainer made of horsehair (sometimes today made of plastic) into a long wooden container. Traditional Tibetan Tea In 1618, the Chinese presented a gift of tea to Tsar Alexis of Russia. According to legend, in 2737 BC, the Chinese emperor Shen Nung was sitting beneath a tree while his servant boiled drinking water, when some leaves from the tree blew into the water. The Dutch dominated the tea trade until 1678 when the British began importing tea on a commercial scale. High tea is a very much a different thing than the Afternoon tea. No longer merely used for its medicinal properties, tea became valued for everyday pleasure and refreshment. The Japanese fell in love with the drink and instantly welcomed it into their culture, eventually creating the now-famous Japanese tea ceremonies. To keep up with the high Tibetan tea demand, nearly two to three hundred tea-laden yaks entered the country daily. Also, explorers had discovered indigenous tea plants growing in Assam, India as early as 1823. Tea plantations spread throughout China, tea merchants became rich, and expensive, elegant tea wares became the banner for the wealth and status of their owners. The History of Tea: Legends from China and India. Up to the mid-17th century, all Chinese tea was Green tea. Wanting to keep up with the new queen, the Brits soon took to drinking tea and never looked back. Ancient China: The Birthplace of Tea The history of tea dates back to ancient China, almost 5,000 years ago. China's Tea History By the time of the Tang Dynasty (618-906 AD) tea was the national drink of China, spreading from court circles to be popular throughout Chinese society. Europe's same traditions and rules of etiquette crossed the Atlantic; Teahouses and elegant silver and porcelain tea accessories were popular in the new cities of New York, Boston, and Philadelphia. The ceremony places supreme importance on respecting the act of making and drinking tea. Currently, Japanese plantations use many specialized machines in the production of tea in direct contrast to the ancient, hand-processed methods of tea production still widespread in China. Tea is the second most consumed beverage in the world after water –– and from sugary Turkish Rize tea to salty Tibetan butter tea, there are almost as many ways of preparing the beverage as there are cultures on the globe. Afternoon Tea. Tea is served with every meal, and used to greet to every guest. Second, the monks, in Buddhist temples valued tea as a result of its medicinal value (388). The Chinese had introduced tea to Tibet by the dawn of the 9th century. Tea Plantations in India Black tea. Funnily enough, the British, famed for their tea consumption, didnât take to drinking tea straight away. It evolved as a mini meal to stem the hunger and anticipation of an evening meal at 8 pm. The British East India Company changed the world: They claimed Hong Kong, Singapore, and India as British colonies, and prompted a global economy...all because of tea. There were, however, many lasting effects of the centuries of dominance. In order to make the hot drink, brick tea were put into the boiling water in kettles to cook for some time. This written character, also pronounced "ch'a" symbolized the way tea brought humankind into balance with nature for the Chinese culture. The sacred Japanese tea ceremony, called "Chanoyu", evolved in the late 15th century under the influence of the Japanese philosophies of Zen Buddhism. He was immediately interested in the pleasant scent of the resulting brew, and drank some. The Buddhist monk Dengyo Daishi is credited for bringing Chinese tea seeds to Japan when he returned from his studies abroad. Tea cultivation in Java began under the Dutch, who brought seeds from Japan in 1826 and seeds, workers, and implements from China in 1833. In the time of Confucius (c.551-479 BC) and grew in popularity during the Han Dynasty (206 BC - 220 AD). A New York tea merchant named Thomas Sullivan packages his samples of tea in silk sachets, as a way to cut down on his costs. According to legend, in 2732 B.C. Tea was first brought to Britain in the early 17th century by the East India Company. Shen Nung, a renowned herbalist, decided to … Although the first attempts were not so successful, Iranian people eventually could cultivate tea in Iran in … Just like that, afternoon tea was born. Many of the other counties in England’s west country also claim the best cream teas: Dorset, Cornwall and Somerset. Because of the limited land area (Japan is a series of mountainous islands, after all), intricate terraces are carved out of the mountainsides to grow tea. According to Chinese legend, the history of tea began in 2737 B.C.E. This resulted in the infamous Boston Tea Party, the British government's closure of Boston harbor, and the arrival of British troops on American soil. The Japanese Tea Ceremony They were given the right to acquire territory, coin money, keep armies and forts, punish lawbreakers, form foreign alliances, and even declare war. 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